Teeth Grinding (Bruxism): Symptoms and Treatment
What is Teeth Grinding?
Teeth grinding (also called bruxism) is a dental abnormality that causes discomfort and is accompanied by grinding. This usually occurs at night when the person is sleeping. This is the most common sleep disorder. Such a process can be characterized by rubbing the teeth of the upper and lower jaws against each other.
Usually, the teeth are closed only when chewing, talking, and swallowing. The night grinding of teeth is an involuntary phenomenon. Because of this, the patient might not even know that they grind their teeth until other signs occur. The main signs of the disease are tight compression of the jaws, and friction or closing of teeth. In order to avoid negative consequences, it is very important to contact the Burbank dentist Dr. Sahakyan as early as possible. Please call 1-818-578-2332 or contact our dental office today.
Causes of Teeth Grinding
Bruxism can arise from a number of different causes. There is an opinion that bruxism can be caused by stress or increased anxiety, it is more common during sleep. It is also believed that bruxism is more likely to be caused by pathological occlusion, or missing or crooked teeth. It can also occur in a sleep disorder, such as nocturnal sleep apnea syndrome.
Symptoms of Teeth Grinding
Grinding teeth brings trouble to almost a third of people. The pathology of bruxism can be detected by the following signs:
- wearing off the teeth,
- chipped and cracked crown and/or root of the tooth,
- increased sensitivity of teeth,
- changes in the bite as a result of the erasure of teeth,
- pain in the temporomandibular joints and facial muscles,
- restless sleep,
- a headache,
- muscles of the face, head, and ear area may be sore,
- the tension in the shoulder muscles may appear,
- teeth become loosened,
- the chewing process may worsen,
- daytime drowsiness.
If any signs of this problem are found, consult the best dentist in Burbank, Dr. Sahakyan. Timely diagnosis and treatment will help to eliminate pathology and prevent the occurrence of such complications as:
- development of mobility of teeth,
- violations in the work of the temporomandibular joint,
- deterioration of hearing,
- destruction of the tooth crown.
When Do You Grind Your Teeth?
In the daytime, this is most often manifested in the form of the strong closing of teeth, which a person can still control. Overdoing stress during the day causes teeth to grind at night. Almost 80 percent of the episodes of grinding teeth happen at night. They are repeated during certain phases of sleep. Tooth grinding takes place because of the muscle contractions caused by mechanisms associated with the central nervous system. The movements of the jaws are involuntary and chaotic. In addition to grinding teeth, restless people at night also are distressed by a conversation in a dream, snoring, and apnea.
Is the Grinding of Teeth for Children?
Of course. There are children whose baby teeth are already worn out. Gnashing of teeth can sharpen during adolescence. Most often it worries people aged 25-44 years.
What Can I Do to Stop Grinding My Teeth?
Burbank dentists can choose special protection for your teeth during sleep. If stress causes this symptom, consult your dentist and the doctor about the possibilities to reduce your stress. You may be offered to be counseled by a psychologist, a special exercise program, or take medication if you have a sleep disorder.
If you do not tackle the grinding of teeth in time, such complications can arise:
- spasms and pain syndrome of facial muscles;
- loosening, fractures, and loss of teeth;
- pathology of the TMJ;
- frequent headaches;
- inflammatory processes in periodontal tissues;
- the erasure of tooth enamel and dentin;
- cavities, etc.
How Is the Diagnosis Made?
The most characteristic signs showing that there is indeed a gnashing of teeth are the erased teeth and hypertonicity of the masticatory muscles. However, there are other causes of tooth erosion, such as the harmful effects of chemicals, increased acidity of the stomach, and certain foods, so it can only be diagnosed by the dentists at My Dentist Burbank.
The most common method of clinical diagnosis of the disease is electromyography (EMG). Electromyography (EMG) is the registration of electrical activity of the muscles of the mouth with the help of special sensors.
The Treatment of Teeth Grinding – Bruxism
It is impossible to eliminate this pathology independently, without the help of the Burbank dentist, Dr. Sahakyan. Any self-treatment attempts will not yield results. In order to avoid negative consequences, it is very important to contact the dentist as early as possible.
When performing complex diagnostics and timely treatment, the prognosis for this disease is favorable. A competent approach of specialists will eliminate all the negative consequences of grinding teeth.
There is no specific drug treatment. Usually grinding of teeth occurs in a dream. So it is difficult to control. During the day, you are conscious, so you must try to control yourself. On the occasion of a night grinding of teeth, we advise you to see a dentist. Burbank dentist Dr. Sahakyan will establish the reasons and begin treatment. Our dentist can offer you protection from grinding teeth – a special mouthguard. The special mouthguard is worn at night on one of the teeth of the jaw. The mouthguard protects the teeth from further erasure, relaxes the muscles, and protects the joints. But if you grind your teeth for a long time, and your teeth have suffered because of this, then prosthetics of teeth are necessary.
The main functions of the mouthguard are:
- reduce the load on the muscles;
- protect artificial prostheses from damage;
- to preserve the natural beauty of teeth in the presence of pathology.
Other ways to help you stop bouts of bruxism:
- Try to avoid eating or drinking beverages that contain caffeine in large quantities;
- Limit the use of alcohol;
- Try to stop chewing on pens or pencils if you have such a habit;
- Train yourself against excessive compression and grinding of the teeth. If you notice such things throughout the day, place the tongue between your teeth, this helps to relax the muscles of the jaw.
Bruxism, or grinding of teeth, is not just an annoying habit, but an indicator of the presence of health problems. In time turning for help to a dentist, it is possible not only to save the beauty of a smile but also to improve overall well-being. If you have any questions about teeth grinding, please call 1-818-578-2332 or contact our dental office today.